We collect and match historical records that Ancestry users have contributed to their family trees to create each person's profile. After attending pharmacy school, Dr. Pemberton opened up his own drug store in Columbus, Georgia. A statue of Pemberton outside of the Coca-Cola headquarters. Brother of James Clifford Pemberton; Israel Pemberton; Anna Clifford Hollingsworth; Mary Pemberton; Rebecca Clifford Newbold and 6 others; Mary Pemberton; Henry Pemberton; Frances Pemberton; Sarah Pemberton; Lieut. PixabayA vintage Coca-Cola delivery truck, and visceral reminder of just how long the drink has been around. It was decided that Pemberton would be interred elsewhere; however, he ended up in an obscure area of the cemetery. Frank Mason Robinson came up with the name "Coca-Cola" for the alliterative sound, which was popular among other wine medicines of the time. Stay up-to-date on the American Battlefield Trust's battlefield preservation efforts, travel tips, upcoming events, history content and more. Although advised by Johnston to escape with his army, sacrificing the city, Pemberton held firm for over six weeks, while soldiers and civilians were starved into submission. It will be followed by that of Rev. got your result, John Pemberton Family Tree View Complete Tree, Family Tree Maker 2009 With Complete Detail, Anne Rice Vampire Chronicles Family Tree You Should Check It. At first Gen. Braxton Bragg thought he could use Pemberton, but after conferring with his own ranking officers he advised Davis that taking on the discredited lieutenant general "would not be advisable." He began his new career as a lieutenant colonel of Virginia State troops, but within two months experienced an unexplainably meteoric rise to brigadier general. Pemberton, in compliance with the directive of his commanding officer, changed his orders but in doing so he also changed the direction of his army in the face of a numerically superior enemy. He was 57 years old when he died. We must remember the woman who sought to burst every chain of wrong, "No Ingress or Egress": Refugees of the Siege of Vicksburg, The Vicksburg Campaign: Approaching the Bastion City, Federal Naval Operations in the Vicksburg Campaign. He practiced medicine and surgery first in Rome and its environs and then in Columbus, where in 1855 he established a wholesale-retail drug business specializing in materia medica (substances used in the composition of medical remedies). On July 4, 1863 General Pemberton surrendered Vicksburg, a move that gave the Union complete control of the Mississippi River and hastened the end of the Confederacy. The First American President: Setting the Precedent, African Americans During the Revolutionary War, Save 42 Historic Acres at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Phase Three of Gaines Mill-Cold Harbor Saved Forever Campaign, An Unparalleled Preservation Opportunity at Gettysburg Battlefield, For Sale: Three Battlefield Tracts Spanning Three Wars, Preserve 128 Sacred Acres at Antietam and Shepherdstown. He served faithfully in this reduced capacity until the end of the war. John Stith Pemberton (July 8, 1831 August 16, 1888) was an American biochemist and Confederate States Army veteran who is best known as the inventor of Coca-Cola. John Clifford Pemberton (August 10, 1814 - July 13, 1881) was a career United States Army officer who fought in the Seminole Wars and with distinction during the Mexican-American War. son. Join us July 13-16! On that day, not one drop of Coca-Cola was dispensed in the entire city. During World War II, bottling plants were set up in Europe, Africa, and the Pacific islands. Pemberton was diagnosed with stomach cancer, and started selling the company off piece by piece until he owned only a third of it. His averages in those courses were 46, 52, 68, and 55 respectively. William Pemberton. John Clifford Pemberton, (born August 10, 1814, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.died July 13, 1881, Penllyn, Pennsylvania), Confederate general during the American Civil War, remembered for his tenacious but ultimately unsuccessful defense of Vicksburg. During that period Pemberton gained valuable experience while in command of an ordnance depot. Family Tree . From 1845 to 1846, Pemberton and the 4th Artillery were part of the U.S. Military Occupation of Texas, and then the 4th was sent to Mexico at the start of the Mexican-American War. He sang his first country song at age five and he quickly learned that music was an avenue to making other friends. This, combined with the successful Siege of Port Hudson on July 9, gave the Union complete control over the Mississippi River, resulting in a major strategic loss for the Confederacy, and cutting off Lt. Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith's command and the Trans-Mississippi Theater from the Confederacy for the rest of the war. John Pemberton married Elizabeth Evans and had 15 children. Connect to the World Family Tree to find out, July 8 1831 - Knoxville, Crawford County, Georgia, James Clifford Pemberton, Martha L. Pemberton (born Gant), Mary Pemberton, Ann Pemberton, Archy Pemberton, Martha Pemberton, Ann Eliza Clifford Pemberton (born Lewis), James Clifford Pemberton, Martha L. Worsham Pemberton (born Gent), Mary Pemberton, Ann Pemberton, Archy Pemberton, Martha L. Worsham Pemberton, July 8 1831 - Knoxville, Crawford County, Georgia, United States, Aug 16 1888 - Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, James Clifford Pemberton, Martha Pemberton (born Worsham), James Clifford Pemberton, Martha L. Pemberton (born Worsham), Anna Eliza Clifford Pemberton (born Lewis), July 8 1831 - Knoxville, Crawford, Georgia, Mary Pemberton, Dr. John Stith Pemberton, Ann Pemberton, Archibald "Archy" Pemberton, Martha Pemberton, Mary Pemberton, American Pharmacist, Inventor Of Coca-Cola, July 8 1831 - Knoxville, Crawford, Georgia, United States, Aug 16 1888 - Atlanta, Fulton, Georgia, United States, James Clifford Pemberton, Martha L Worsham, Mary Pemberton, Archibald Pemberton, Martha Pemberton, Mary Pemberton, Ann Pemberton, Knoxville, Crawford County, Georgia, United States, Columbus, Muscogee County, Georgia, United States, Atlanta, Fulton County, Georgia, United States, We're Related to Royalty and Famous People, John Stith, Lieutenant Colonel, (Civil War), Inventor/founder - Coca-cola Pemberton, Birth of Lt. Col. (CSA), John Stith Pemberton, Death of Lt. Col. (CSA), John Stith Pemberton, Burial of Lt. Col. (CSA), John Stith Pemberton, Druggist, Confederate Veteran, Inventor of Coca Cola. Meanwhile, Union gunboats and transports passed the river batteries at Vicksburg en route to their rendezvous with the Thirteenth and Seventeenth Corps. Historical Person Search Search Search Results Results John PEMBERTON (1855 Unknown) Try FREE for 14 days Try FREE for 14 days How do we create a persons profile? They were married in Columbus in 1853. American biochemist and American Civil War veteran who is best known as the inventor of Coca-Cola, Born on July 08, 1831 The original beverage was called Pembertons French Wine Coca and hit the market in 1885. As a nonprofit, we offer free help to those looking to learn the details of their family . When John Pemberton was born in 1514, in Aston, Shropshire, England, United Kingdom, his father, Robert Pemberton, was 28 and his mother, Alice Stokes, was 24. Pemberton, Charles: son of John Stith Pemberton. His father, also named John, was a merchant and land speculator who was politically connected at the national level with none other than President Andrew Jackson. [22] However, Pemberton's son wanted the money, so in 1888, Pemberton and his son sold the remaining portion of the patent to a fellow Atlanta pharmacist, Asa Griggs Candler, for US$300,[2] which in 2022 purchasing power is equal to US$9,372.88. Sick and desperate, he began selling rights to his formula to his business partners in Atlanta. At sunup the following day, a special train carried his body to Columbus, where a large group of friends, relatives, and admirers laid him to rest. William Pitt Chambers, who served with the 46th Mississippi Infantry, believed it a "conviction" among many Confederate soldiers, "that our Commanding General had been false to the flag under which he fought." Unfortunately his "peculiar liking for the life" proved a preference for the camaraderie, tradition, and social life of the military academy rather than a penchant for or commitment to academic discipline. We collect and match historical records that Ancestry users have contributed to their family trees to create each persons profile. On the day of Pemberton's funeral, Atlanta druggists closed their stores and attended the services en masse as a tribute of respect. Civil War commanders such as Robert E. Lee and Ulysses S. Grant are notable because they shared the qualities of perspective, responsibility, intuition, daring, and endurance. Immediate Family: Son of John Pemberton and Deborah Pemberton. According to The New Georgia Encyclopedia, John Stith Pemberton was born on January 8, 1831 in Knoxville, Georgia. After the war, John Pemberton lived on his farm near Warrenton, Virginia, from 1866 to 1876, and then returned to Pennsylvania. It was at this point that Pemberton received, courtesy of the U.S. Army, a second communication from Johnston restating his previous order to advance north for the purpose of uniting their forces. Wrong username or password. Family Tree Maker user home page for John-Pemberton-Northamptonshire. Nevertheless, on April 24, 1861, he resigned his commission and offered his services to the fledgling Confederacy, with whose ideas of duty and honor he sympathized. His parents were James C. Pemberton and Martha L. We are direct importers manufacturing all the pharmaceutical and chemical preparations used in the arts and sciences, the company, J.S. He was the first of 11 children born to Gordon and Kathleen. Research genealogy for John Michael Pemberton of Saline County, Illinois, USA, as well as other members of the Pemberton family, on Ancestry. Wikimedia CommonsJohn Stith Pemberton, the man who invented Coca-Cola. . Born a Union man in Philadelphia in August of 1814, John Clifford Pemberton would go on to be a quintessential but controversial player in Confederate leadership. view all John Pemberton's Timeline. Some time before the Civil War (1861-65), he acquired a graduate degree in pharmacy, but the exact date and place are unknown. To him, Pemberton "seemed to be somewhat excited; he and his staff were vainly endeavoring to rally some stragglers, who had already left their commands in the fight." John Pemberton served in the American Civil War and was in the Third Cavalry Battalion of the Georgia State Guard. [22] Pemberton had a hunch that his formula "someday will be a national drink", so he attempted to retain a share of the ownership to leave to his son. John Pemberton in MyHeritage family trees (Sedgwick Web Site) view all Immediate Family. [21], Soon after Coca-Cola hit the market, Pemberton fell ill and nearly bankrupt. Only eight years later did Pemberton decide to bottle the beverage, cut out the middle man, and expand. He was commissioned a second lieutenant in the 4th U.S. It would get mixed with water on the spot. His standing in his graduating class would normally have only guaranteed acceptance into one of the less prestigious cavalry or infantry branches of the service; however, his father pulled some strings. The rank and file will be allowed all their clothing, but no other property. This is an obituary for Charles Pemberton, who apparently inherited the Coca-Cola formula and sold it. You may want to read more about the secret history of Coca-Cola. In 2010 the Coca-Cola Company paid tribute to Pemberton as a key character within an advertising campaign called Secret Formula. Promoted to Captain in 1850, he was part of the 1858 operations in Utah against the Mormons led by Albert Sidney Johnston. [10][11][12] His first recipe was "Dr. Tuggle's Compound Syrup of Globe Flower", in which the active ingredient was derived from the buttonbush (Cephalanthus occidentalis), a toxic plant. Sign up to receive the latest information on the American Battlefield Trust's efforts to blaze The Liberty Trail in South Carolina. Civil War Confederate Lieutenant General. Pemberton sent out samples of his new alcohol-free iteration to pharmacies around Atlanta. The Tragic History Of John Pemberton The Man Who Invented Coca-Cola. Birthplace: King William, King William, VA, United States. On April 15, Pemberton was satisfied that Grant's army was moving to reinforce Major General William Rosecrans. notice, New York Herald. He was also the uncle of John Pemberton, a Confederate soldier who later invented Coca-Cola. When war erupted with Mexico, First Lieutenant Pemberton participated in the action at Palo Alto and commanded a company at the Battle of Resaca de la Palma. While serving on the staff of General William Worth, he was awarded the brevets of captain and major, respectively, for his conduct during the Battles of Monterrey and Molino del Rey. Five months later, on August 16, 1888, he died at his home in Atlanta. Here are 5 facts about druggist and chemist John Stith Pemberton, the brains behind 1 of America's most recognized products. But the proven children are James, whose will was probated 18 Sep 1783 in Spotsylvania Co., VA; John, William and Nancy.) A portrait of John Stith Pemberton from sometime before 1888. As for the name Coca-Cola it was Pembertons bookkeeper Frank Robinson who coined the billion-dollar monicker. John Pemberton in FamilySearch Family Tree view all 19 Immediate Family Frances Littlepage wife George Xavier Pemberton son William D Pemberton son James Pemberton son James Pemberton father Rebecca Pemberton mother William Pemberton brother James Pemberton brother Peter Pemberton brother Joseph Pemberton brother Elizabeth Littlepage II Davis gave him the following instructions regarding his new assignment: " consider the successful defense of those States as the first and chief object of your command." Time and again during the campaign leading to the siege of Vicksburg, Pemberton failed to exhibit the necessary qualities of a battlefield commander. Husband of Martha Pemberton Historically, successful battlefield commanders possessed certain common characteristics. On the evening of July 2, 1863, Pemberton asked in writing his four division commanders if they believed their men could "make the marches and undergo the fatigues necessary to accomplish a successful evacuation" after 45 days of siege. Subscribe to the American Battlefield Trust's quarterly email series of curated stories for the curious-minded sort! By contrast, his performance in tactics, artillery, math, and engineering was dismal. His parents were James C. Pemberton and Martha L. Gant. In an attempt to carry out his orders from both Davis and Gen. Joseph E. Johnston, Pemberton and his Army of Mississippi set out east to combine with Johnston's forces gathering around Jackson, while remaining in contact and covering Vicksburg. That wouldve arguably prevented him from inventing Coca-Cola, but also liberated him from the future troubles of having a substance abuse problem. John Pemberton was also referenced in an installment of Futurama titled "The Deep Deep South.". During the six months in which Grant operated against Vicksburg prior to the landing at Bruinsburg, Pemberton had numerous opportunities to become acquainted with his adversary's operational methods. Pemberton replied, "It is composed of an extract from the leaf of Peruvian Coca, the purest wine, and the Kola nut. The seemingly all-curing jack of all trades drink sold rather well, with Pemberton later admitting to an Atlanta newspaper reporter that he based it on an Italian-French beverage called Vin Mariani which was previously endorsed by Pope Leo XIII. The drink was initially sold only at pharmacies, and in syrup form. Wikimedia CommonsJohn Pembertons home on Marietta Street in Columbus, Georgia. His first brigade command was in the Department of Norfolk, leading its 10th Brigade from June to November. Though this change in laws was actually enacted that very year, prohibition in the city only lasted for one year. He made a name for himself in the states medical establishment, though his strength lay in medical chemistry rather than traditional medicine. The American Battlefield Trust is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization. Similarly, indecision and the complete loss of command and control over his army marked Pemberton's leadership before and during the Battle of Champion Hill. People Projects Discussions Surnames A romantic by inclination, young John Pemberton exhibited an affinity for languages and art. Our Beloved Father was welcomed into the arms of the Lord on December 2, 2022. Pemberton was then appointed a major in the Confederate Army Artillery on June 15 and quickly promoted to brigadier general two days later. John Stith Pemberton was the inventor of the Coca-Cola beverage. There he built a mansion in 1687 and had served as William Penn's chief administrator. ", Last edited on 21 February 2023, at 02:19, "National Register Information SystemPemberton House(#71000283)". Born and raised in Philadelphia Pennsylvania, he fought whole-heartedly for the Southern Cause. He died in 1748, in Virginia, British Colonial America, at the age of 30. Unfortunately, he died before he could reap what he sowed. Brig. Pemberton decided then to sell this as a fountain drink rather than a medicine. [13] He next began experimenting with coca and coca wines, eventually creating a recipe that contained extracts of kola nut and damiana, which he called Pemberton's French Wine Coca. in Atlanta, Georgia , United States, This form allows you to report an error or to submit additional information about this family tree: John Stith PEMBERTON (1831), Copyright Wikipdia authors - This article is under licence CC BY-SA 3.0. He entered the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1833, and graduated four years later, standing 27th out of 50 cadets. Pemberton relied on Atlanta druggist Willis Venable to test, and help him perfect, the recipe for the beverage, which recipe he formulated by trial and error. In May 1886, he developed an early version of a beverage that would later become Coca-Cola, but sold his rights to the drink shortly before his death. He achieved the rank of lieutenant colonel.[2]. On October 10, 1862, Pemberton was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general, and assigned to defend the fortress city of Vicksburg, Mississippi, and the Mississippi River, known as the Department of Mississippi and West Louisiana. Pemberton was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in the fall of 1814. He resigned his commission to serve as a Confederate lieutenant-general during the American Civil War. There he spent some eight months without an assignment. The Battle of Champion Hill opened when the leading elements of the Union advance met Confederate cavalry along the Raymond road around 7 a.m. on May 16. Twenty-four hours later, Pemberton offered to forward two brigades to General Joseph Johnston even though by that time he was less confident that Grant was withdrawing. Cadet Pemberton did request private tutoring however, it was in the area in which he already excelled. [23], Pemberton died from stomach cancer at age 57 in August 1888. His son Charles continued to sell his father's formula, but six years later Charles Pemberton died, having succumbed to opium addiction. Some of it was even designed and patented by the company itself, which one reporter from the Atlanta Constitution called a magnificent establishment in 1869. In March 1888, after being in business for eight months as a copartner, he filed the petition for incorporation of the first Coca-Cola Company in the Fulton County Superior Court. Contrary to the majority of his subordinates who favored obeying Johnston's orders, Pemberton instead chose to march south against Grant's supply line at Dillon's plantation. At the age of twelve his family formed a band called "Southern Sound" and they toured and played music together for many years. Husband of Martha (Worcester) Pemberton and Eleonour Pemberton. Converted into the state's first testing labs and staffed with Pemberton's hand-picked employees, these labs almost single-handedly eliminated the sale of fraudulent agricultural chemicals in the state and ensured successful prosecution of those who tried to sell them. According to Encyclopedia, he married Wesleyan College student Ann Eliza Clifford Lewis that same year, and the newlyweds had a son named Charles the following year. Had you succeeded none would have blamed; had you not made the attempt, few if any would have defended your course. He was appointed inspector general of the artillery as of January 7, and held this position until he was captured in Salisbury, North Carolina, on April 12. After practicing medicine and surgery in Rome, he opened a wholesale-retail business in Columbus in 1853. It is the most excellent of all tonics, assisting digestion, imparting energy to the organs of respiration, and strengthening the muscular and nervous systems." He requested what amounted to private art lessons while demonstrating little interest or effort in more military matters. He also noted that Pemberton "gave orders in [an] uncertain manner that implied to me that he had no matured plans for the coming battle." He was to receive a royalty of five cents for each gallon of Coca-Cola sold. Only years later was it actually bottled and canned for retail business. Info Share. Mismanagement and a failure to reconnoiter the intended avenue of advance caused delays and the Confederates had marched only a few miles beyond their point of departure by the early hours of May 16. He studied medicine and pharmacy at the Reform Medical College of Georgia in Macon, and in 1850, at the age of nineteen, he was licensed to practice on Thomsonian or botanic principles (such practitioners relied heavily on herbal remedies and on purifying the body of toxins, and they were viewed with suspicion by the general public). Geni requires JavaScript! Connect to the World Family Tree to find out, Aug 10 1814 - Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, July 13 1881 - Penllyn, Pennsylvania, USA. Although the accusations plagued Pemberton for the remainder of his life, it was the charge of incompetence that became inseparably attached to his reputation. Meanwhile, a group of businessmen responded to Pemberton's appeal to finance the new Coca-Cola Company. John Stith Pemberton was an American pharmacist and is best known for being the inventor of Coca-Cola. Tho funeral of tho late, of the Con- federate Soldier. Andrew Jackson Pemberton (USA) and Pvt. He next served in Fort Washington, Maryland, in 1851 and 1852, at Fort Hamilton, New York, in 1852 to 1856. A few years before Coca-Cola began its spectacular rise to international acclaim, a drink known as Pemberton's French Wine Coca was extremely popular in Atlanta. As late as April 12, Pemberton believed Grant's forces were withdrawing to Memphis. Research genealogy for John PEMBERTON of Boston, Middlesex, Massachusetts, United States, as well as other members of the PEMBERTON family, on Ancestry. Connect to 4,947 Pemberton profiles on Geni, Aug 9 1679 - St Johns Parish, Virginia, United States, 1702 - St Johns Parish, Virginia, United States, Frances Pemberton (born De Rochelle (Rachel)), 1702 - St Johns Parish, King William, Virginia, United States, James Pemberton, William Pemberton, Pemberton, Pemberton, James D Pemberton, William D. Pemberton, George Pemberton, Jan 20 1702 - St Johns Parish, King William, Virginia, United States, Frances Eastwood, Miss (born De Rochelle), James Pemberton, William D Pemberton, Richard Littlepage, Pemberton, Pemberton, Aug 9 1679 - St Johns Parish, Virginia, USA, William Pemberton, James Pemberton, Pemberton, William Pemberton, Thomas Pemberton, George Xavier Pemberton, James Pemberton, James Pemberton, William D Pemberton, John Pemberton, George Pemberton, Frances Derochelle Pemberton (born Austin), Aug 9 1679 - St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, VA, United States, 1702 - St. John's Parish, King William County, VA, United States, James Pemberton, Rebecca Pemberton (born Garnham), Charles Pemberton, William Pemberton, James Pemberton, Peter Pemberton, Joseph Pemberton, William D Pemberton, George Xavier Pemberton, James Pemberton, Jan 20 1702 - St. Johns Parish, King William County, Virginia, British America, James Pemberton, Sarah Pemberton (born Willey), St. Peter's Parish, New Kent County, VA, United States, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom or Frederick County, VA, United States, St. John's Parish, King William County, VA, United States. section 8 houses for rent in gentilly, st louis zoo face painting,